Evergreen trees and shrubs are a lot more luxuriant and expensive as compared with deciduous trees-those that lose leaves during winter. But then again these valuable trees are worth their price since they are beautiful, resilient and stays longer.
Evergreen vegetation range from the shrubs with broad leaves, for example, the rhododendron and laurel, to the pines that are tall-needled and cone-bearing as well as grand spruces.
The large spruces and firs are most beneficial as windscreens whereas the proliferating perennially green shrubs are not only famous for unending attractiveness but also because of ease of manipulation into any form and shape. They are widely used as shades such as those used in foundation.
Pine straw is one of the popular evergreens. White pine is known for its long, soft, light silvery-green needles and ad also their capability to reach a height of 60-80 feet during their maturity. Red pine, on the other hand, is marvelous when used for background landscaping and as well as windbreaks.
The well-known broad, dense ponderosa pine is used for protection and ornamental screens. Austrian pine also is known as black pine with its endowed, green color and spreading branches is a blessing in the Midwest. The small, rounded globe Mugho pine is preferred as an ornamental planting.
Norway spruce is perhaps one of the most planted evergreens as the windbreak. I grow prolifically and has short, dark green needle-like leaves. It is hard, compact and has a fantastic pyramidal shape.
Black Hills spruce is drought-resistant and hardy. It can grow to a height of 40 feet, though slow in growth. White spruce has short, thick, light blue-green needles; and matures at 60 to 70 feet. Both can be used in landscaping and windscreens. Another kind of spruce includes the delicate Colorado blue spruce, drought-resistant Douglas fir.
Douglas fir can also be useful when used as windbreaks and screening as well. They are drought-resistant, and its lofty pyramid makes it best as the long needle pine straw lawn specimen. Other types of fir include the lustrous Balsam fir Arbour vitae.
That said, pruning evergreens in late spring before budding seems to be beneficial as they make them resilient to harsh weather conditions. Furthermore, the pine straw becomes more compact. Ceremonial trees can be trimmed, getting rid of ragged branches. Also, deformed trees can be reshaped.
Evergreens are vulnerable to “winter burn” which is caused by intense winds winter sun. Eventually, they dry up and even collapse under the weight of the snow. Intense irrigation can help maintain their water requirement during these hostile weathers.
Small evergreen trees and long, slender shrubs can be tied together with strips of cloth to prevent the branches from cracking. Old trees with massive trunks may be supported using boards to avoid breakage due to heavy snow or ice.s